Italiano English
Download PDF

New PAC: the points of the political agreement among EU members

In a final negotiating meeting, on 24 September, the Council and the European Parliament have called all the details on the new CAP , which will govern from 2014 until 2020 , the future of agricultural support of the European Union from 1 January 2015. After the political agreement reached on 24-25 June 2013, were dissolved nodes that were still outstanding: capping, external convergence, flexibility between pillars, co-financing of rural development.
Here's the news arising from the Agreement, which is worth about 40% of the EU budget:
Direct payments will be divided into seven types, including compulsory and optional, in different percentage of the national budget , at the discretion of each Member State (except for greening ).
The basic payment (mandatory) may be up to a maximum of 70% of the national envelope and is based on the allocation of new securities .
The payment redistributive ( optional ) for the first hectares, or the first 30 hectares , from a minimum of 5% up to 30% of the budget , may not exceed 65% of the average payment per hectare.
The payment or ecological greening (compulsory), fixed and equal for all Member States to 30% for farmers who adopt agricultural practices beneficial for the climate and the environment sugi eligible hectares , heaviest diversification and the presence of areas of ecological interest (hedges, trees, biotopes , etc. . ) for arable crops and the maintenance of permanent grassland .
Payment disadvantaged areas (required) will cover areas with natural constraints , up to 15% of the budget .
The payment for young farmers under the age of 40 years ( mandatory) integrates their first settlement with a further 25% for the first five years of activity, and may represent up to 2% of the national envelope .
Payment small farmers ( optional) up to 10% of the national ceiling , or up to 1,250 € / company.
The coupled payment ( optional) will be limited in amount and only for specific products (excluding tobacco, potatoes and wine sector ) , in order to mitigate the effects of standardization of these securities, sectors such as livestock , oil oil, industrial tomatoes , beet , etc. . , in Italy , you can reach 13% of the national envelope or 15% for protein crops .
2014, will be the last year for which farmers will present the Application PACCON the current historical titles . The new securities will be allocated to farmers on the basis of the agricultural land declared in the single 2015, and will correspond to the number of eligible hectares declared in the May 15, 2015 , or the United States may decide that the number of eligible hectares , and therefore the number of titles, is equal to the number of acres that the farmer has declared in 2013.
Important will be the establishment by Member States of ' " active farmer " or the parties to whom the responsibility of direct payments and, conversely , those who are excluded from direct payments .
The most hotly debated issues: convergence. The new system will proceed to a convergence of payments between Member States (vs. external) to arrive by 2019 at a minimum level of financial support, with a gradual increase in the budget for the Regions or States whose average payment (in euro per hectare ) is currently less than 90% of the EU average ( one-third of the gap between their current level and 90% of the EU average ) .
The convergence will also cover farmers within each Member State (vs. internal) , to the average level of regional / national level by 2019 , or an approach of direct payments by 2019 without reaching the average level .
The value of direct payments. Member States will be called upon to make choices for the definition of the value of payments before 1 August 2014 to be applied later in 2015 .
Member States may adopt three models:
- The standardization of direct payments by 2019 ;
- Percentage Model : establishment of decreasing percentages from year to year of the national ceiling / regional to be assigned to historical payments from 2015 to 2019 ;
- External convergence model , so called adopts the same criterion used for convergence between Member States , up to a guaranteed minimum payment equal to 60 % of the average regional / national level by 2019 , conversely proportional to the adjustment for farmers receive more than the average regional / national .
Capping and decrease. Among the points discussed above were capping and degression . The capping was a ceiling on direct payments that places an upper limit on direct payments . After the September agreement is a voluntary instrument for Member States that depend on the choices for other types of payment ( by choosing payment for the first redistributive hectares MS may decide not to apply the capping )
The gradual reduction is mandatory and is in fact a cut in direct payments. In practice, this means that the amount of direct payments that a single company receives (excluding payment ecological ) will be reduced progressively from 150.00 € to 300,000 € ( at least 5%) and more than 300,000 euro . The reduction will apply to the direct payment after the payment of the cost of ecological and employment and will depend on the choices of MS darkened for the type of payment ( does not apply to those Member States that choose the " redistributive payment " on the first hectares )
Transfer between pillars and rural development. The agreement provides for the Member States the possibility to transfer up to 15% of national resources from Pillar 1 (direct payments ) on the 2nd (rural development) and vice versa, transfer of up to 25 % for the new MS, or for those receiving aid under the EU average level of direct payments. Focusing on the maximum rate of EU co-financing , will be equal to 85 % in less developed regions , 75% or 63% in transition regions and 53% in the other , with the exceptions for specific measures ( transfer of knowledge , cooperation , creation of producer groups , Leader projects , measures related to the environment and climate change mitigation ) .

Loose the last nodes are still outstanding. A lot of news for farmers