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Man and garden, a relationship that changes over time

Create and cultivate a garden or a vegetable garden is surely a basic human need,a need atavistic, which is required of every civilization in spite of obstacles such as war, famine, lack of interest in social and cultural decadence .

Environment on a human scale. From a brief historical excursus shows that every age has had its own garden born of a desire that has influenced the thought and human action. With the passing of the centuries have seen the light of the sun variety of gardens,  understood as a symbol of creation, place of lost happiness,  as constant challenge to nature, a place consecrated to life, which must be protected, followed,  seconded,  guided,  loved ; gardens as a space in which an idea becomes reality and reality is transformed into an idea,  a space in which feeling and thought find their expression,  up to the current ' green spaces ',  outdoor gyms without poetry as places where you can find a contact, although artificial,  with nature. The garden,  in fact, is anything but a natural place,  is the order in which man always tends, is the feeling that at times it was covered with too much reason,  it is the will of iron,  it is as Borchardt says "the space in which man translates to structure its relationship with nature" ( Borchardt,  1938,  p.39 ).

Symbol of the passing of time. From age to age, civilization civilization in the garden had its own representations,  from simple bed of salad, a parterre,  a rockery, a flowered balcony. In happier times is a place full of flowers, colors and scents, in hard times will become a vegetable garden or perhaps remain uncultivated forming a heap of stones and thorns. In every time the garden will be, however, a snapshot of the human soul. According Cerami (1996 ) the structure and configuration of a garden are ultimately the result of the tensions ideals ( mystical- ideological ) and those reasons ( economic and functional ) who built the values and guidance in the history of a community, a people, a civilization. Treating a garden,  even as small as a box of flowers on the windowsill, a need is so strong that it can be compared to the need to eat, to love. An urge so strong to cross oceans of time that is served perhaps to meet the needs of the various psychophysical peoples who have inhabited the earth, or has served to materialize what man has always been denied in life:  the idea of paradise afterlife of all religions ? The garden can all now be understood as the objectification of a dream or as a subtle pleasure in conditioning and own nature? What is certain is that the garden is designed "and is continuously taken care to preserve an artificiality that mimics nature " ( Hillman,  1996, p. 104).

Beauty, but not only. The relationships between man and plants are, therefore,  well beyond the aesthetic - eye contact,  but affect the whole sphere of the human psyche, causing reactions,  often unconscious,  that deserve to be studied in more depth. We can say that the beauty of a plant is not only in the harmonious distribution of shapes and colors, but also in interacting with the human soul. Bello is listen to the sound of the wind through the trees and makes the leaves rustle,  the feelings that we try tapping the various surfaces of logs, flowers and leaves, " beautiful" is the intoxicating smell of flowers through the nose also stimulates the other senses,  is the infinite range of colors that only nature can create,  and at the same time it amazes and enchants us. It is apparent,  therefore, the importance of diffusion of the knowledge of the therapeutic potential of the vision of plants and activities related to their cultivation. No less important is the promotion and development of interdisciplinary research,  accompanied by a disclosure of performance, whether direct, with an improvement of the physical conditions of the parties involved,  or consequential damages, quantified as a decrease in health care costs.


In the picture: catello gardens of Villandry. Example of how man builds a nature for their own needs

The relationships between plant and man goes beyond aesthetics and explains the changing times